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The 5 Things You Must Do Before Opening Your Mouth To Speak

When invited (or ordered!) to give a presentation or a speech, most of us think that what comes out of our mouth during that 5, 10, or 45 minute delivery is the 'piece de resistence' when in fact, without proper preparation, it may be a disaster.

I liken good preparation to the 5 Ws of good investigative work, much like good journalism. Before you even prepare that speech or presentation, it is important to know who, what, where, when & why.

1. To Whom will you be speaking? The type of group you will be addressing will effect how you will speak to them. Talking to seniors in high school is different than talking to a group of insurance brokers. Your language will be slightly different as will your style of delivery. Knowing your audience means knowing their reason for attending your presentation.

2. About What will you be speaking? While this may seem obvious, such is not always the case. Let's say for example, you are a botanist and your mother at the retirement center wants you to give a talk to her gardening club. Giving a more generalized talk about perennials and annuals, for instance, is going to be of much greater interest to these retired senior citizens than discussing plant biochemistry.

3. Where are you speaking? Knowing exactly where you are to speak is vital if you want to arrive calm and confident. So, when you make your arrangements, be specific when it comes to the address or to the hotel. Do you know how many Marriott hotels are in Los Angeles alone? Arriving at the wrong one is definitely not a good idea!

4. When are you speaking? It may seem obvious to arrange the correct date when settling on a day and time; however, it would be a very good idea to say the day of the week in verifying your date. Mistakes have been made simply by looking at the wrong month when negotiating this information. You don't want to miss your engagement because of poor communication.

5. Why are you speaking? Again, this may seem like a 'no-brainer,' but it isn't. Is your presentation persuasive or informative? Are you there to sell something or just to inform or possibly even to entertain? Many of us in the business can switch gears at a moment's notice. But, if your audience was expecting to hear you talk about Topic A and you talk about Topic B, you will have a disappointed group of people.

There is enough to worry about in creating a good speech or presentation and then delivering it well. Arriving at the wrong place or at the wrong time or delivering a somewhat risqué after-dinner speech to a group of Baptist ministers, does not make for a likely career in public speaking.

Knowing as much as you can about your audience and all the minute details will help make your presentation that much more successful.

75 Responses to “The 5 Things You Must Do Before Opening Your Mouth To Speak”

  • aa

  • By Ilavendhan on Jun 17, 2008

    it very useful to me, Its easy to understand and then interesting to study, I want to know how to prepare the presentation in few minutes before talking

  • By jatin gakhar on Jun 18, 2008

    hello
    i am jatin gakhar from india
    so due to native langauge i am poor in english
    and i want to improve my speaking power as well
    as word power
    please help me

    regards
    jatin gakhar

  • By Anbarasu.N on Jun 18, 2008

    Good input to improve presentation skill
    It will be applicable everywhere in day to day.

  • By Neelima on Jun 19, 2008

    The guide lines you are providing are really very usefull. I think every person who is good at their communication skills might definitely practiced these guidelines at some or the other point.

  • By ranjan on Jun 19, 2008

    its very useful for me if you send me this type of guid lines.

  • By JAVED KHAN on Jun 19, 2008

    it is realy good for spoken english

  • By vishwapathi Rao on Jun 19, 2008

    i want to improve my word power and communication skills. i can speak but not fluently. please guide me to improve my fastness and fluency.also pronunciation tips.

  • By sandeep on Jun 20, 2008

    really it is a magestic u have added in this web page.
    thanku veray much.

  • By sandeep on Jun 20, 2008

    really it is a magestic u have added in this web page.
    thank u very much.

  • By girijaa on Jun 24, 2008

    it is very useful for me
    i want to know many stories so reply frequently
    byy byy

  • By Geetha on Jun 26, 2008

    it is a good way to spoken english. THIS IS VERY USEFUL FOR ME please send me frequenly

  • By Anil Mani Tripathi on Jun 28, 2008

    I rad the articles on blog about improve the effeciency of english speaking. this is very usefull to clear the dellima weather we can speak or not and help to improve our confident.
    please send us more articles on to prepare effective sentance

  • By kavitha on Jul 1, 2008

    i want to improve my word power and communication skills. i can speak but not fluently. please guide me to improve my fastness and fluency.also pronunciation tips.

  • By vikash kumar on Jul 9, 2008

    hiiiiiiiiii

  • By Mohamedmansoor on Jul 9, 2008

    Very wonderful help my career send me many more

  • i have problem in technical interview.guide me about that.if possible send me notes for preparation.i am computer engineer.

  • I am good at speaking English but sometimes words donot come to me if I have to speak continuously.Kindly help me.

  • By Joyce Adwubi on Jul 10, 2008

    wow very good

  • By Jeffrey Quimson on Jul 13, 2008

    i am frustrated speaking english and somehow hessitant to communicate with other people but since i’ve found ur site, i know you can help me deal with it. hope to send me more topics… tnx

  • By sachin on Jul 15, 2008

    hello sir,
    I WANT TO IMPROVE MY ENGLISH

  • thank u

  • By Rajesh kuar on Jul 17, 2008

    Hi sir I want improve my english , pleae help me

  • hello sir i want improve my English

  • By jenni.rms on Jul 17, 2008

    it is very usefull for our career,thanks.

  • By Maqsood ahmed on Jul 17, 2008

    it is very useful for every person that week in English.
    i am also week in english and i want to improve.

  • By Chandan Kr Sinha on Jul 20, 2008

    it is very usefull for our career,thanks.

  • By Ghanindra Prasad Subedi on Jul 20, 2008

    Thank you for guiedens.

  • By yashaswini on Jul 23, 2008

    hi this is yashaswini 4m india.
    the topic has been explained very intelligently..
    and i am very happy that it would help me a lot in my career.. thnx 4 sharing ur knowledge….
    expecting more useful stuffs 4m u..

  • By maha on Jul 23, 2008

    ur effort is very useful to me.

  • By maha on Jul 23, 2008

    hai sir
    ur effort is useful to me.thanking u

  • By ashok verma on Jul 26, 2008

    hi sir
    i m a graduate n looking for a job in pvt. sector.but my communication skill in english is very poor.i can read it effectively but unable to speak it fluently plz give me gide line.and any course material if there is any.thanks

  • By BEN on Aug 2, 2008

    Dear,

    I would like to improve my communication skills, how can I get help please.

    Thank you

  • By Amit kumar on Aug 26, 2008

    hello, i am amit i want to improve my comunication skill,so please helpe me,for this i heartly oblized to you.

  • By Rajeev nayan on Aug 26, 2008

    Dear sir
    I am rajeev i want to improve my comunication skill,so please helpe me,for this i heartly oblized to you

  • By Anuj on Aug 27, 2008

    good

  • By kuljeet kaur on Sep 4, 2008

    i am engg student very soon i’ll ber facing all sort of interviews though my english is good but the real problem is pronuncaition

  • hi, i am from bangalore, how to express our self and job experence in interview and communication

  • pleze send me some tips to my e-id

  • By ataullah on Sep 15, 2008

    I am good in english but i cannot present myself properly. Sometime i stutter and stammer.

    Pls send me some tips,

    Thank you
    ata

  • By Manju on Sep 25, 2008

    tat’s great to know these thing just before my presentation.
    thanks to the author.

  • By Palanivel on Oct 17, 2008

    Dear sir
    I am Palanivel i want to improve my comunication skill,so please helpe me,for this i heartly oblized to you

    REGARDS,
    palanivel TAMILNADU CHENNAI

  • By sri on Nov 21, 2008

    I want to improve my communication skills. i can speak but not fluently. please guide me to improve my fastness and fluency.also pronunciation tips.i have a fear to talk in english bec of shy. how can i eliminate it.give me suggestions

  • By Inayat Khan Khalil on Nov 22, 2008

    I can speak english but not fluently. please guide me to improve fluency. I have to appear before a selection board in a university, please give me some tips also. Thank your.

  • By shiva kumar on Nov 25, 2008

    Total site “TechPreparation.com” is fantastic, It is not like any other sites incomplete..useless stuff., It is very good Technical Knowledge base site in this genre.
    It is full of good useful stuff.Thank you so much to techpreparation team…all the best.

  • By subhajit maji on Dec 8, 2008

    sir i want to speak fluent english..i have many stock of words but i can not utilies this wordws…please give me proper suggation…

  • By k.vaishnavi on Dec 15, 2008

    I want sum tips for fluent english

  • By swetha on Dec 24, 2008

    please send me some tips how to improve my communication skills

  • By vinay mishra on Dec 28, 2008

    how, can we growth my communication skills plz give me tips?

  • By Hitesh Kumar on Jan 18, 2009

    By Inayat Khan Khalil on Nov 22, 2008

    I can speak english but not fluently. please guide me to improve fluency. I have to appear before a interview in HCL, please give me some tips also. Thank your

  • By Gobinda Chandra Jena on Jan 23, 2009

    Hi friends, this is Gobinda Chandra Jena from Gurgaon, India. I am facing seriously problem in talking in English language which reflects my native language.
    So, i really need your help. Please help me to overcome this problem.

  • By YASHRAJ.Y.CHAUHAN on Feb 5, 2009

    want to improve my communication skills. i can speak but not fluently. please guide me to improve my fastness and fluency.also pronunciation tips.i have a fear to talk in english bec of shy. how can i eliminate it.give me suggestions

  • By VASU R AMIN on Feb 5, 2009

    how, can we growth my communication skills plz give me tips?

  • By hemalyn on Feb 20, 2009

    Public speaking or any other forms of speaking , gives us effective in the process of learning….absolutely!

  • By Adriana on Apr 2, 2009

    I think this is a wonderful piece

  • By rajalingam on Apr 9, 2009

    i want Hr interview quations

  • By naseeh on Apr 10, 2009

    sir icant speak english very well. bcs of this prblm i cant explore my self so pls give me an idea about effective communicaion.

  • By priya on May 10, 2009

    hello,i know the grammer even i can speak fluentlybut not in accent please give me some tips to improve

  • By Shahieda Wasih on May 24, 2009

    Thank u so much.I will be grateful if u help me to improve my Communication skill and to improve aptitute test ability.

  • By A . SAPNA on Jun 17, 2009

    thanx a lot . i have learnt more things from ur post . plz do send sum more to improve my softskills

  • By saravanarajan on Jun 25, 2009

    Respected sir,
    i am saravanarajan, i want to improve my communication skills and in sometimes i can’t able to reply quickly to those persons interact with me in english… so i need some tips to enhance my fluency….

  • By Ramdas bagul on Aug 12, 2009

    Thanks,I can nnot communicate with properly with my subordinates,I am promoted just two years back but, my subordinates not properly responding to me , so I am frusted,how to communicate them because they are my closed friends?, Past 26 years we are together.

  • By V.DEEPAK VIKRAM on Aug 27, 2009

    of course this is one of the useful task for us..we need lots more so that it ll be useful for us to improve and communicate well..thanks

  • By halima on Sep 6, 2009

    I realy would like ton improve my english in written a offical letter or email for top management also my leadership skills as amanger if there is any send me pls also to imrove my speaking skills

  • By Naresh on Sep 10, 2009

    sir,
    i am saravanarajan, i want to improve my communication skills and in sometimes i can’t able to reply quickly to those persons interact with me in english… so i need some tips to enhance my fluency….

  • By Deepti yadav on Apr 27, 2010

    Respected sir,
    I have big problem of english speaking whenever i speak in english then i feel hesitation nd i cant speak in flow plz help me what should i do? nd my interview is around the corner.

  • By Prety on Apr 27, 2010

    sir,
    I m prety.i crossed three round of interview for wipro bpo.and final round held in next week…so plz give me some guidelines to improve myself.and hw can i improve my communication skills???

  • By ATOM on Jun 11, 2010

    THANKS FOR THE ARTICALS

  • Thanks for sharing this post. your suggestions are very useful for me specially during tech interview.

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