Each GMAT sample critical reasoning question is a
simplified version of a real critical reasoning question. Remember, we
have used simple language in these questions so that you can focus on
the logic of the questions rather than on the vocab and complex sentence
structures. However, on the real test, the language and vocab will be
In Los Angeles, a political candidate who
buys saturation radio advertising will get maximum name recognition.
The statement above
logically conveys which of the following?
Radio advertising is the most important factor
in political campaigns in Los Angeles.
Maximum name recognition in Los Angeles will
help a candidate to win a higher percentage of votes cast in the
Saturation radio advertising reaches every
demographically distinct sector of the voting population of Los
For maximum name recognition a candidate need
not spend on media channels other than radio advertising.
A candidate's record of achievement in the Los
Angeles area will do little to affect his or her name recognition
Ans : D
The rate of violent crime in this state is up
30 percent from last year. The fault lies entirely in our court system:
Recently our judges' sentences have been so lenient that criminals can
now do almost anything without fear of a long prison term.
The argument above
would be weakened if it were true that
85 percent of the other states in the nation
have lower crime rates than does this state.
white collar crime in this state has also
increased by over 25 percent in the last year.
35 percent of the police in this state have
been laid off in the last year due to budget cuts.
polls show that 65 percent of the population
in this state oppose capital punishment.
the state has hired 25 new judges in the last
year to compensate for deaths and retirements.
Ans : C
The increase in the number of newspaper
articles exposed as fabrications serves to bolster the contention that
publishers are more interested in boosting circulation than in printing
the truth. Even minor publications have staffs to check such obvious
The argument above
newspaper stories exposed as fabrications are
a recent phenomenon.
everything a newspaper prints must be
fact checking is more comprehensive for minor
publications than for major ones.
only recently have newspapers admitted to
publishing intentionally fraudulent stories.
the publishers of newspapers are the people
who decide what to print in their newspapers.
Ans : E
Time and again it has been shown that
students who attend colleges with low faculty/student ratios get the
most well-rounded education. As a result, when my children are ready to
attend college, I'll be sure they attend a school with a very small
Which of the
following, if true, identifies the greatest flaw in the reasoning above?
A low faculty/student ratio is the effect of a
well-rounded education, not its source.
Intelligence should be considered the result
of childhood environment, not advanced education.
A very small student population does not by
itself, ensure a low faculty/student ratio.
Parental desires and preferences rarely
determines a child's choice of a college or university.
Students must take advantage of the low
faculty/student ratio by intentionally choosing small classes.
Ans : C
All German philosophers, except for Marx, are
From which of the
following can the statement above be most properly inferred?
Except for Marx, if someone is an idealist
philosopher, then he or she is German.
Marx is the only non-German philosopher who is
If a German is an idealist, then he or she is
a philosopher, as long as he or she is not Marx.
Marx is not an idealist German philosopher.
Aside from the philosopher Marx, if someone is
a German, then he or she is an idealist.
Ans : E
Bill earns more commission than does Sandra.
But since Andrew earns more commission than does Lisa, it follows that
Bill earns more commission than does Lisa.
Any of the
following, if introduced into the argument as an additional premise,
makes the argument above logically correct EXCEPT:
Andrew earns more commission than Bill
Sandra earns more commission than Lisa
Sandra earns more commission than Andrew
Sandra and Andrew earn the same amount of
Bill and Andrew earn the same amount of
Ans : A
During the SARS days, about 23,500 doctors
who had treated SARS sufferers died and about 23,670 doctors who had not
engaged in treatment for SARS sufferers died. On the basis of those
figures, it can be concluded that it was not much more dangerous to
participate in SARS treatment during the SARS day than it was not to
participate in SARS treatment.
Which of the
following would reveal most clearly the absurdity of the conclusion
Counting deaths among doctors who had
participated in SARS treatment in addition to deaths among doctors
who had not participated in SARS treatment
Expressing the difference between the numbers
of deaths among doctors who had treated SARS sufferers and doctors
who had not treated SARS suffers as a percentage of the total number
Separating deaths caused by accidents during
the treatment to SARS suffers from deaths caused by infect of SARS
Comparing death rates per thousand members of
each group rather than comparing total numbers of deaths
Comparing deaths caused by accidents in the
United States to deaths caused by infect in treating SARS suffers.
Ans : D
Page No :