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JMS Interview Questions and Answers



What is the main parts of JMS applications?
The main parts of JMS applications are:
--ConnectionFactory and Destination
--Connection
--Session
--MessageProducer
--MessageConsumer
--Message

What Is Messaging?
Messaging is a method of communication between software components or applications. A messaging system is a peer-to-peer facility: A messaging client can send messages to, and receive messages from, any other client. Each client connects to a messaging agent that provides facilities for creating, sending, receiving, and reading messages.
Messaging enables distributed communication that is loosely coupled. A component sends a message to a destination, and the recipient can retrieve the message from the destination. However, the sender and the receiver do not have to be available at the same time in order to communicate. In fact, the sender does not need to know anything about the receiver; nor does the receiver need to know anything about the sender. The sender and the receiver need to know only what message format and what destination to use. In this respect, messaging differs from tightly coupled technologies, such as Remote Method Invocation (RMI), which require an application to know a remote application's methods.
Messaging also differs from electronic mail (e-mail), which is a method of communication between people or between software applications and people. Messaging is used for communication between software applications or software components.
Messaging is a mechanism by which data can be passed from one application to another application.

What is the Role of the JMS Provider?
The JMS provider handles security of the messages, data conversion and the client triggering. The JMS provider specifies the level of encryption and the security level of the message, the best data type for the non-JMS client.

What is the diffrence between Java Mail and JMS Queue
JMS is the ideal high-performance messaging platform for intrabusiness messaging, with full programmatic control over quality of service and delivery options.
JavaMail provides lowest common denominator, slow, but human-readable messaging using infrastructure already available on virtually every computing platform.

Does JMS specification define transactions? Queue
JMS specification defines a transaction mechanisms allowing clients to send and receive groups of logically bounded messages as a single unit of information. A Session may be marked as transacted. It means that all messages sent in a session are considered as parts of a transaction. A set of messages can be committed (commit() method) or rolled back (rollback() method). If a provider supports distributed transactions, it's recommended to use XAResource API.

What is synchronous messaging? Queue
Synchronous messaging involves a client that waits for the server to respond to a message. So if one end is down the entire communication will fail.

What is asynchronous messaging? Queue

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Asynchronous messaging involves a client that does not wait for a message from the server. An event is used to trigger a message from a server. So even if the client is down , the messaging will complete successfully.

How does a typical client perform the communication? Queue
1. Use JNDI to locate administrative objects.
2. Locate a single ConnectionFactory object.
3. Locate one or more Destination objects.
4. Use the ConnectionFactory to create a JMS Connection.
5. Use the Connection to create one or more Session(s).
6. Use a Session and the Destinations to create the MessageProducers and MessageConsumers needed.
7. Perform your communication.

What is JMS session? Queue
A single-threaded context for sending and receiving JMS messages. A JMS session can be nontransacted, locally transacted, or participating in a distributed transaction.

What is the use of JMS? In which situations we are using JMS? Can we send message from one server to another server using JMS? Queue
JMS is the ideal high-performance messaging platform for intrabusiness messaging, with full programmatic control over quality of service and delivery options.

What is the difference between durable and non-durable subscriptions?
Point-To-Point (PTP). This model allows exchanging messages via queues created for some purposes. A client can send and receive messages from one or several queues. PTP model is easier than pub/sub model.
A durable subscription gives a subscriber the freedom of receiving all messages from a topic, whereas a non-durable subscription doesn't make any guarantees about messages sent by others when a client was disconnected from a topic.

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