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JMS Interview Questions and Answers



Why do the JMS dbms_aqadm.add_subscriber and dbms_aqadm.remove_subscriber calls sometimes hang when there are concurrent enqueues or dequeues happening on the same queue to which these calls are issued?
Add_subscriber and remove_subscriber are administrative operations on a queue. Though AQ does not prevent applications from issuing administrative and operational calls concurrently, they are executed serially. Both add_subscriber and remove_subscriber will block until pending transactions that have enqueued or dequeued messages commit and release the resources they hold. It is expected that adding and removing subscribers will not be a frequent event. It will mostly be part of the setup for the application. The behavior you observe will be acceptable in most cases. The solution is to try to isolate the calls to add_subscriber and remove_subscriber at the setup or cleanup phase when there are no other operations happening on the queue. That will make sure that they will not stay blocked waiting for operational calls to release resources.

Why do the TopicSession.createDurableSubscriber and TopicSession.unubscribe calls raise JMSException with the message "ORA - 4020 - deadlock detected while trying to lock object"?
CreateDurableSubscriber and unsubscribe calls require exclusive access to the Topics. If there are pending JMS operations (send/publish/receive) on the same Topic before these calls are issued, the ORA - 4020 exception is raised.
There are two solutions to the problem:
1. Try to isolate the calls to createDurableSubscriber and unsubscribe at the setup or cleanup phase when there are no other JMS operations happening on the Topic. That will make sure that the required resources are not held by other JMS operational calls. Hence the error ORA - 4020 will not be raised.
2. Issue a TopicSession.commit call before calling createDurableSubscriber and unsubscribe call.

Why doesn't AQ_ADMINISTRATOR_ROLE or AQ_USER_ROLE always work for AQ applications using Java/JMS API?
In addition to granting the roles, you would also need to grant execute to the user on the following packages:
* grant execute on sys.dbms_aqin to <userid>
* grant execute on sys.dbms_aqjms to <userid>

Why do I get java.security.AccessControlException when using JMS MessageListeners from Java stored procedures inside Oracle8i JServer?
To use MessageListeners inside Oracle8i JServer, you can do one for the following
1. GRANT JAVASYSPRIV to <userid>

Call dbms_java.grant_permission ('JAVASYSPRIV', 'SYS:java.net.SocketPermission', '*', 'accept,connect,listen,resolve');

What is the use of ObjectMessage?
ObjectMessage contains a Serializable java object as it's payload. Thus it allows exchange of Java objects between applications. This in itself mandates that both the applications be Java applications. The consumer of the message must typecast the object received to it's appropriate type. Thus the consumer should before hand know the actual type of the object sent by the sender. Wrong type casting would result in ClassCastException. Moreover the class definition of the object set in the payload should be available on both the machine, the sender as well as the consumer. If the class definition is not available in the consumer machine, an attempt to type cast would result in ClassNotFoundException. Some of the MOMs might support dynamic loading of the desired class over the network, but the JMS specification does not mandate this behavior and would be a value added service if provided by your vendor. And relying on any such vendor specific functionality would hamper the portability of your application. Most of the time the class need to be put in the classpath of both, the sender and the consumer, manually by the developer.

What is the use of MapMessage?
A MapMessage carries name-value pair as it's payload. Thus it's payload is similar to the java.util.Properties object of Java. The values can be Java primitives or their wrappers.

What is the difference between BytesMessage and StreamMessage?
BytesMessage stores the primitive data types by converting them to their byte representation. Thus the message is one contiguous stream of bytes. While the StreamMessage maintains a boundary between the different data types stored because it also stores the type information along with the value of the primitive being stored. BytesMessage allows data to be read using any type. Thus even if your payload contains a long value, you can invoke a method to read a short and it will return you something. It will not give you a semantically correct data but the call will succeed in reading the first two bytes of data. This is strictly prohibited in the StreamMessage. It maintains the type information of the data being stored and enforces strict conversion rules on the data being read.

What is object message ?
Object message contains a group of serializeable java object. So it allows exchange of Java objects between applications. sot both the applications must be Java applications.

What is text message?
Text messages contains String messages (since being widely used, a separate messaging Type has been supported) . It is useful for exchanging textual data and complex character data like XML.

What is Map message?
map message contains name value Pairs. The values can be of type primitives and its wrappers. The name is a string.

What is the difference between queue and topic ?
A topic is typically used for one to many messaging , while queue is used for one-to-one messaging. Topic .e. it supports publish subscribe model of messaging where queue supports Point to Point Messaging.

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