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Microsoft SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers

When you install SQL Server 2005 and create a new database, is a Database Master Key created?
A database master key is not created when a database is created. It must be created by an administrator.

What does the DEALLOCATE statement do in SQL Server 2005?
Remove a reference to a cursor.
This statement is used to remove cursor references. If this is the last reference being removed, the cursor's resources are released.

Report Builder has no built in support for source control. Which of the following choices could be implemented if you decided that those reports needed to be under source control?
Have users save the RDL files locally and check into source control using a source control utility, or write code to script them out each night and check them into source control
Users can do faux source control by just saving copies of their RDL files locally before they make a change. Beyond that, you either teach them how to use a source control utility or you write a utility you can run on a schedule.

Setting the TRUSTWORTHY database property to ON allows you to execute the following from within the context of the database
Objects from unsigned CLR assemblies with EXTERNAL_ACCESS or UNSAFE permissions
In order to execute objects from CLR assemblies with EXTERNAL_ACCESS or UNSAFE permissions, the assemby must either be signed with a key pair or the database hosting the assembly must have the TRUSTWORTHY database property set to ON. Executing the other answers is essentially controlled by permissions. Setting the TRUSTWORTHY database property to ON also allows you to use the EXECUTE AS clause to allow impersonation outside the scope of the database within the instance but this was not one of the answers.

What tool is available for ad hoc reporting by non IT end users in Reporting Services 2005?
Report Builder
Report Builder is bundled as part of Reporting Services 2005 and is targeted at end users needing to build ad hoc reports. BI Design Studio could be used, but typically requires more time and experience to use than the average end user will be willing to invest.

You have just upgraded your SQL Server 2000 instance on Windows 2000 to SQL Server 2005. You are looking to begin implementing encryption capabilities and need to choose an algorithm for your data. Which of the following is not available to you?
128-bit AES
While all of these are valid encryption algorithms on SQL Server 2005, the AES algorithms (128-bit, 192-bit, and 256-bit) are not supported on Windows XP or Windows 2000. To use these, you would need to upgrde to Windows 2003.

Which types of replication work with Oracle publishers?
Snapshot and transactional
Oracle publishing with SQL Server works as both snapshot and transactional publication issues.

What does @@textsize return?
The current value of the TEXTSIZE option for the SET command.
This returns the current value of the TEXTSIZE option that can be changed with the SET command. The default is 4096 bytes.

In configuring the thesaurus configuration file for SQL Server 2005 Full-Text Search, you set the diacritics_sensitive value to 1. What does this mean?
It means the sets in this file are accent sensitive.
The diacritics_sensitive determines if the terms in the expansion and replacement sets are accent sensitive. A value of 0 means accent insensitive and a value of 1 means accent sensitive.

Before a user can build reports using Report Builder in Reporting Services 2005, which one of the following steps must be done first?
Build and deploy a model
Report Builder requires a model and that model cannot be defined using Report Builder. The advantage of using models is that users do not need to understand SQL statements to build a report (but they will still benefit from a basic understanding of the relationships between various bits of data)

What does the CREATE SERVICE statement do in SQL Server 2005?
This statement is used to setup new tasks for Service Broker queues.
This statement is ue to create a new Service Broker service that is a set of tasks that are run on messages.

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