What is autonomous system?
It is a collection of routers under the control of a single
administrative authority and that uses a common Interior Gateway
What is the difference between interior and exterior neighbor gateways?
Interior gateways connect LANs of one organization, whereas exterior
gateways connect the organization to the outside world.
What is MAU?
In token Ring , hub is called Multistation Access Unit(MAU).
Explain 5-4-3 rule.?
In a Ethernet network, between any two points on the network, there can
be no more than five network segments or four repeaters, and of those
five segments only three of segments can be populated.
What is difference between baseband and broadband transmission?
In a baseband transmission, the entire bandwidth of the cable is
consumed by a single signal. In broadband transmission, signals are sent
on multiple frequencies, allowing multiple signals to be sent
What is ICMP?
ICMP is Internet Control Message Protocol, a network layer protocol of
the TCP/IP suite used by hosts and gateways to send notification of
datagram problems back to the sender. It uses the echo test / reply to
test whether a destination is reachable and responding. It also handles
both control and error messages.
What is Brouter?
Hybrid devices that combine the features of both bridges and routers.
What is frame relay, in which layer it comes?
Frame relay is a packet switching technology. It will operate in the
data link layer.
What is External Data Representation?
External Data Representation is a method of encoding data within an RPC
message, used to ensure that the data is not system-dependent.
What is Bandwidth?
Every line has an upper limit and a lower limit on the frequency of
signals it can carry. This limited range is called the bandwidth.
What protocol is used by DNS name servers?
DNS uses UDP for communication between servers. It is a better choice
than TCP because of the improved speed a connectionless protocol offers.
Of course, transmission reliability suffers with UDP.
What is the range of addresses in the classes of internet addresses?
Class A 0.0.0.0 - 127.255.255.255
Class B 220.127.116.11 - 18.104.22.168
Class C 192.0.0.0 - 22.214.171.124
Class D 126.96.36.199 - 188.8.131.52
Class E 240.0.0.0 - 247.255.255.255
What are the important topologies for networks?
In this each computer is directly connected to primary network cable in
a single line.
Inexpensive, easy to install, simple to understand, easy to extend.
In this all computers are connected using a central hub.
Can be inexpensive, easy to install and reconfigure and easy to trouble
shoot physical problems.
In this all computers are connected in loop.
All computers have equal access to network media, installation can be
simple, and signal does not degrade as much as in other topologies
because each computer regenerates it.
Difference between bit rate and baud rate?
Bit rate is the number of bits transmitted during one second whereas
baud rate refers to the number of signal units per second that are
required to represent those bits.
baud rate = bit rate / N
where N is no-of-bits represented by each signal shift.
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