Oracle Interview Questions and Answers
Does user exits supports DLL on MSWINDOWS ?
What is path setting for DLL?
Make sure you include the name of the DLL in the
FORMS45_USEREXIT variable of the ORACLE.INI file, or
rename the DLL to F45XTB.DLL. If you rename the DLL to
F45XTB.DLL, replace the existing F45XTB.DLL in the
ORAWINBIN directory with the new F45XTB.DLL.
How is mapping of name of DLL and function done?
The dll can be created using the Visual C++ / Visual
Basic Tools and then the dll is put in the path that is
defined the registry.
What is precompiler?
It is similar to C precompiler directives.
Can you connect to non - oracle datasource ?
What are key-mode and locking mode properties? level ?
Key Mode : Specifies how oracle forms uniquely
identifies rows in the database.This is property
includes for application that will run against
NON-ORACLE datasources .
Key setting unique (default.)
Locking mode :
Specifies when Oracle Forms should attempt to obtain
database locks on rows that correspond to queried
records in the form. a) immediate b) delayed
What are savepoint mode and cursor mode properties ?
Specifies whether Oracle Forms should issue savepoints
during a session. This property is included primarily
for applications that will run against non-ORACLE data
sources. For applications that will run against ORACLE,
use the default setting.
Cursor mode - define cursor state across transaction
What is transactional trigger property?
Identifies a block as transactional control block. i.e.
non - database block that oracle forms should manage as
transactional block.(NON-ORACLE datasource) default -
What is OLE automation ?
OLE automation allows an OLE server application to
expose a set of commands and functions that can be
invoked from an OLE container application. OLE
automation provides a way for an OLE container
application to use the features of an OLE server
application to manipulate an OLE object from the OLE
container environment. (FORMS_OLE)
What does invoke built-in do?
This procedure invokes a method.
list list_type := 0);
object Is an OLE2 Automation Object.
method Is a method (procedure) of the OLE2 object.
list Is the name of an argument list assigned to the
What are OPEN_FORM,CALL_FORM,NEW_FORM? diff?
CALL_FORM : It calls the other form. but parent remains
active, when called form completes the operation , it
releases lock and control goes back to the calling form.
When you call a form, Oracle Forms issues a savepoint
for the called form. If the CLEAR_FORM function causes a
rollback when the called form is current, Oracle Forms
rolls back uncommitted changes to this savepoint.
OPEN_FORM : When you call a form, Oracle Forms issues a
savepoint for the called form. If the CLEAR_FORM
function causes a rollback when the called form is
current, Oracle Forms rolls back uncommitted changes to
NEW_FORM : Exits the current form and enters the
indicated form. The calling form is terminated as the
parent form. If the calling form had been called by a
higher form, Oracle Forms keeps the higher call active
and treats it as a call to the new form. Oracle Forms
releases memory (such as database cursors) that the
terminated form was using.
Oracle Forms runs the new form with the same Runform
options as the parent form. If the parent form was a
called form, Oracle Forms runs the new form with the
same options as the parent form.
What is call form stack?
When successive forms are loaded via the CALL_FORM
procedure, the resulting module hierarchy is known as
the call form stack.
Can u port applictions across the platforms? how?
Yes we can port applications across platforms.Consider
the form developed in a windows system.The form would be
generated in unix system by using f45gen my_form.fmb
What is a visual attribute?
Visual attributes are the font, color, and pattern
properties that you set for form and menu objects that
appear in your application's interface.
Diff. between VAT and Property Class?
Named visual attributes define only font, color, and
pattern attributes; property classes can contain these
and any other properties.
You can change the appearance of objects at runtime by
changing the named visual attribute programmatically;
property class assignment cannot be changed
programmatically. When an object is inheriting from both
a property class and a named visual attribute, the named
visual attribute settings take precedence, and any
visual attribute properties in the class are ignored.
Which trigger related to mouse?
What is Current record attribute property?
Specifies the named visual attribute used when an item
is part of the current record. Current Record Attribute
is frequently used at the block level to display the
current row in a multi-record If you define an
item-level Current Record Attribute, you can display a
pre-determined item in a special color when it is part
of the current record, but you cannot dynamically
highlight the current item, as the input focus changes.
Can u change VAT at run time?
Yes. You can programmatically change an object's named
visual attribute setting to change the font, color, and
pattern of the object at runtime.
Can u set default font in forms?
Yes. Change windows registry(regedit). Set form45_font
to the desired font.
What is Log Switch ?
The point at which ORACLE ends writing to one online
redo log file and begins writing to another is called a
What is On-line Redo Log?
The On-line Redo Log is a set of tow or more on-line
redo files that record all committed changes made to the
database. Whenever a transaction is committed, the
corresponding redo entries temporarily stores in redo
log buffers of the SGA are written to an on-line redo
log file by the background process LGWR. The on-line
redo log files are used in cyclical fashion.
Which parameter specified in the DEFAULT STORAGE clause
of CREATE TABLESPACE cannot be altered after creating
All the default storage parameters defined for the
tablespace can be changed using the ALTER TABLESPACE
command. When objects are created their INITIAL and
MINEXTENS values cannot be changed.
What are the steps involved in Database Startup ?
Start an instance, Mount the Database and Open the
Rolling forward to recover data that has not been
recorded in data files, yet has been recorded in the
on-line redo log, including the contents of rollback
segments. Rolling back transactions that have been
explicitly rolled back or have not been committed as
indicated by the rollback segments regenerated in step
a. Releasing any resources (locks) held by transactions
in process at the time of the failure. Resolving any
pending distributed transactions undergoing a two-phase
commit at the time of the instance failure.
Can Full Backup be performed when the database is open ?
What are the different modes of mounting a Database with
the Parallel Server ?
Exclusive Mode If the first instance that mounts a
database does so in exclusive mode, only that Instance
can mount the database.
Parallel Mode If the first instance that mounts a
database is started in parallel mode, other instances
that are started in parallel mode can also mount the
What are the advantages of operating a database in
ARCHIVELOG mode over operating it in NO ARCHIVELOG mode
Complete database recovery from disk failure is possible
only in ARCHIVELOG mode. Online database backup is
possible only in ARCHIVELOG mode.
What are the steps involved in Database Shutdown ?
Close the Database, Dismount the Database and Shutdown
What is Archived Redo Log ?
Archived Redo Log consists of Redo Log files that have
archived before being reused.
What is Restricted Mode of Instance Startup ?
An instance can be started in (or later altered to be
in) restricted mode so that when the database is open
connections are limited only to those whose user
accounts have been granted the RESTRICTED SESSION system
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