Explain the QTP Tool interface.
It contains the following key elements: Title bar,
displaying the name of the currently open test, Menu
bar, displaying menus of Quick Test commands, File
toolbar, containing buttons to assist you in managing
tests, Test toolbar, containing buttons used while
creating and maintaining tests, Debug toolbar,
containing buttons used while debugging tests. Note: The
Debug toolbar is not displayed when you open Quick Test
for the first time. You can display the Debug toolbar by
choosing View — Toolbars — Debug. Action toolbar,
containing buttons and a list of actions, enabling you
to view the details of an individual action or the
entire test flow. Note: The Action toolbar is not
displayed when you open Quick Test for the first time.
You can display the Action toolbar by choosing View —
Toolbars — Action. If you insert a reusable or external
action in a test, the Action toolbar is displayed
automatically. Test pane, containing two tabs to view
your test-the Tree View and the Expert View ,Test
Details pane, containing the Active Screen. Data Table,
containing two tabs, Global and Action, to assist you in parameterizing your test. Debug Viewer pane, containing
three tabs to assist you in debugging your test-Watch
Expressions, Variables, and Command. (The Debug Viewer
pane can be opened only when a test run pauses at a
breakpoint.) Status bar, displaying the status of the
How does QTP recognize Objects in AUT?
Quick Test stores the definitions for application
objects in a file called the Object Repository. As you
record your test, Quick Test will add an entry for each
item you interact with. Each Object Repository entry
will be identified by a logical name (determined
automatically by Quick Test), and will contain a set of
properties (type, name, etc) that uniquely identify each
object. Each line in the Quick Test script will contain
a reference to the object that you interacted with, a
call to the appropriate method (set, click, check) and
any parameters for that method (such as the value for a
call to the set method). The references to objects in
the script will all be identified by the logical name,
rather than any physical, descriptive properties.
What are the types of Object Repositories in QTP?
Quick Test has two types of object repositories for
storing object information: shared object repositories
and action object repositories. You can choose which
type of object repository you want to use as the default
type for new tests, and you can change the default as
necessary for each new test. The object repository
per-action mode is the default setting. In this mode,
Quick Test automatically creates an object repository
file for each action in your test so that you can create
and run tests without creating, choosing, or modifying
object repository files. However, if you do modify
values in an action object repository, your changes do
not have any effect on other actions. Therefore, if the
same test object exists in more than one action and you
modify an object’s property values in one action, you
may need to make the same change in every action (and
any test) containing the object.
Explain the check points in QTP?
A checkpoint verifies that expected information is
displayed in an Application while the test is running.
You can add eight types of checkpoints to your test for
standard web objects using QTP. A page checkpoint checks
the characteristics of an Application. A text checkpoint
checks that a text string is displayed in the
appropriate place on an Application. An object
checkpoint (Standard) checks the values of an object on
an Application. An image checkpoint checks the values of
an image on an Application. A table checkpoint checks
information within a table on a Application. An
Accessibilityy checkpoint checks the web page for
Section 508 compliance. An XML checkpoint checks the
contents of individual XML data files or XML documents
that are part of your Web application. A database
checkpoint checks the contents of databases accessed by
your web site
In how many ways we can add check points to an
application using QTP?
We can add checkpoints while recording the application
or we can add after recording is completed using Active
screen (Note : To perform the second one The Active
screen must be enabled while recording).
How does QTP identify objects in the application?
QTP identifies the object in the application by Logical
Name and Class.
What is Parameterizing Tests?
When you test your application, you may want to check
how it performs the same operations with multiple sets
of data. For example, suppose you want to check how your
application responds to ten separate sets of data. You
could record ten separate tests, each with its own set
of data. Alternatively, you can create a parameterized
test that runs ten times: each time the test runs, it
uses a different set of data.
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