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XML Interview Questions and Answers



How do I implement an application-specific XPointer scheme?
Short answer: Implement org.CognitiveWeb.xpointer.ISchemeProcessor
The XPointer Framework is extensible. One of the very coolest things about this is that you can develop your own XPointer schemes that expose your application using the data model that makes the most sense for your application clients.
For example, let's say that you have a CRM application. The important logical addressing units probably deal with concepts such as customers, channels, and products. You can directly expose these data using a logical addressing scheme independent of the actual XML data model. Not only does this let people directly address the relevant concepts using a purpose-built addressing vocabulary, but this means that your addressing scheme can remain valid even if you change or version your XML data model. What a bonus!
The same approach is being used by the MindSwap laboratory at the University of Maryland to prototype a variety of XPointer schemes for addressing semantic web data.

How do I support very large resources?
You can only do this with server-side XPointer. Further, you need to use (or implement) XPointer schemes that do not depend on a parsed XML document model. Basically, you need to use an XPointer scheme that interfaces with an indexed persistence store (RDBMS, ODBMS, or XML DBMS) which exposes to your ISchemeProcessor the information that it needs to answer subresource addressing requests.
You will also have to provide shorthand pointer support for your DBMS-based resource. The default shorthand pointer processor assumes that it has access to a parsed XML document, so it can't be used when you have a very large XML resource.

How do I contribute?
The XPointer implementation is hosted as a SourceForge project. If you want to contribute send an email to one of the project administrators from the project home page.
The XPointer module uses numerous tests to validate correct behavior of the XPointer processor. One valuable way to contribute is by developing new tests that demonstrate broken behavior. Patches that fix the problems identified by those tests are also valuable, but it is by the tests themselves that we can insure that each release of the XPointer processor will continue to meet the requirements of the various XPointer specifications.

What's XLink?
This specification defines the XML Linking Language (XLink), which allows elements to be inserted into XML documents in order to create and describe links between resources. It uses XML syntax to create structures that can describe links similar to the simple unidirectional hyperlinks of today's HTML, as well as more sophisticated links.
Definition: An XLink link is an explicit relationship between resources or portions of resources.] [Definition: It is made explicit by an XLink linking element, which is an XLink-conforming XML element that asserts the existence of a link.] There are six XLink elements; only two of them are considered linking elements. The others provide various pieces of information that describe the characteristics of a link. (The term "link" as used in this specification refers only to an XLink link, though nothing prevents non-XLink constructs from serving as links.)

What are the valid values for xlink:actuate and xlink:show?
Don't blame me to put such a simple question here. I saw a famous exam simulator gave wrong answer on this one. Typing them out also help me to remember them. xlink:actuate onRequest, onLoad, other, none xlink:show replace new embed other none

What is the correct answer of the following question?
Which of the following is true about XLink and HTML hyperlinks?

1. XLink can be attached with any element. Hyperlinks in HTML can be attached to only an ANCHOR <A> element.
2. XLink can refer to a specific location in XML document by name or context with the help of XPointer. HTML ANCHOR<A> does not have capability to point to specific location within an html document.
3. XLink / XML links can be multidirectional. HTML links are unidirectional.
4. HTML links are activated when user clicks on them. XLink has option of activating automatically when XML document is processed.


Only 2 is incorrect, since HTML ANCHOR does have capability to point to specific location within an html document.

What three essential components of security does the XML Signatures provide?
authentication, message integrity, and non-repudiation. In addition to signature information, an XML Signature can also contain information describing the key used to sign the content.

XLink Processing and Conformance
Processing Dependencies: XLink processing depends on [XML], [XML Names], [XML Base], and [IETF RFC 2396]
Markup Conformance:
An XML element conforms to XLink if:
it has a type attribute from the XLink namespace whose value is one of "simple", "extended", "locator", "arc", "resource", "title", or "none", and
it adheres to the conformance constraints imposed by the chosen XLink element type, as prescribed in this specification.
This specification imposes no particular constraints on DTDs; conformance applies only to elements and attributes.
Application Conformance:
An XLink application is any software module that interprets well-formed XML documents containing XLink elements and attributes, or XML information sets [XIS] containing information items and properties corresponding to XLink elements and attributes. (This document refers to elements and attributes, but all specifications herein apply to their information set equivalents as well.) Such an application is conforming if:

it observes the mandatory conditions for applications ("must") set forth in this specification, and
for any optional conditions ("should" and "may") it chooses to observe, it observes them in the way prescribed, and
it performs markup conformance testing according to all the conformance constraints appearing in this specification.

XLink Markup Design
Link markup needs to be recognized reliably by XLink applications in order to be traversed and handled properly. XLink uses the mechanism described in the Namespaces in XML Recommendation [XML Names] to accomplish recognition of the constructs in the XLink vocabulary.

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