What is HTML?
HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is a Universal
language which allows an individual using special code
to create web pages to be viewed on the Internet.
HTML ( H yper T ext M arkup L anguage) is the language
used to write Web pages. You are looking at a Web page
You can view HTML pages in two ways:
* One view is their appearance on a Web browser, just
like this page -- colors, different text sizes,
* The other view is called "HTML Code" -- this is the
code that tells the browser what to do.
What is a tag?
In HTML, a tag tells the browser what to do. When you
write an HTML page, you enter tags for many reasons --
to change the appearance of text, to show a graphic, or
to make a link to another page.
What is the simplest HTML page?
<TITLE>This is my page title! </TITLE>
This is my message to the world!
This is my message to the world!
How do I create frames? What is a frameset?
Frames allow an author to divide a browser window into
multiple (rectangular) regions. Multiple documents can
be displayed in a single window, each within its own
frame. Graphical browsers allow these frames to be
scrolled independently of each other, and links can
update the document displayed in one frame without
affecting the others.
You can't just "add frames" to an existing document.
Rather, you must create a frameset document that defines
a particular combination of frames, and then display
your content documents inside those frames. The frameset
document should also include alternative non-framed
content in a NOFRAMES element.
The HTML 4 frames model has significant design flaws
that cause usability problems for web users. Frames
should be used only with great care.
How can I include comments in HTML?
Technically, since HTML is an SGML application, HTML
uses SGML comment syntax. However, the full syntax is
complex, and browsers don't support it in its entirety
anyway. Therefore, use the following simplified rule to
create HTML comments that both have valid syntax and
work in browsers:
An HTML comment begins with "<!--", ends with "-->", and
does not contain "--" or ">" anywhere in the comment.
The following are examples of HTML comments:
* <!-- This is a comment. -->
* <!-- This is another comment,
and it continues onto a second line. -->
Do not put comments inside tags (i.e., between "<" and
">") in HTML markup.
What is a Hypertext link?
A hypertext link is a special tag that links one page to
another page or resource. If you click the link, the
browser jumps to the link's destination.
How comfortable are you with writing HTML entirely by
Very. I donít usually use WYSIWYG. The only occasions
when I do use Dreamweaver are when I want to draw
something to see what it looks like, and then Iíll
usually either take that design and hand-modify it or
build it all over again from scratch in code. I have
actually written my own desktop HTML IDE for Windows
(itís called Less Than Slash) with the intention of
deploying it for use in web development training. If has
built-in reference features, and will autocomplete code
by parsing the DTD you specify in the file. That is to
say, the program doesnít know anything about HTML until
after it parses the HTML DTD you specified. This should
give you some idea of my skill level with HTML.
What is everyone using to write HTML?
Everyone has a different preference for which tool works
best for them. Keep in mind that typically the less HTML
the tool requires you to know, the worse the output of
the HTML. In other words, you can always do it better by
hand if you take the time to learn a little HTML.
What is a DOCTYPE? Which one do I use?
According to HTML standards, each HTML document begins
with a DOCTYPE declaration that specifies which version
of HTML the document uses. Originally, the DOCTYPE
declaration was used only by SGML-based tools like HTML
validators, which needed to determine which version of
HTML a document used (or claimed to use).
Today, many browsers use the document's DOCTYPE
declaration to determine whether to use a stricter, more
standards-oriented layout mode, or to use a "quirks"
layout mode that attempts to emulate older, buggy
Can I nest tables within tables?
Yes, a table can be embedded inside a cell in another
table. Here's a simple example:
<td>this is the first cell of the outer table</td>
<td>this is the second cell of the outer table,
with the inner table embedded in it
<td>this is the first cell of the inner table</td>
<td>this is the second cell of the inner table</td>
The main caveat about nested tables is that older
versions of Netscape Navigator have problems with them
if you don't explicitly close your TR, TD, and TH
elements. To avoid problems, include every </tr>, </td>,
and </th> tag, even though the HTML specifications don't
require them. Also, older versions of Netscape Navigator
have problems with tables that are nested extremely
deeply (e.g., tables nested ten deep). To avoid
problems, avoid nesting tables more than a few deep. You
may be able to use the ROWSPAN and COLSPAN attributes to
minimize table nesting. Finally, be especially sure to
validate your markup whenever you use nested tables.
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