Changing the mood of a sentence
In English, you can show what you feel about a
situation by using words such as
These words can change the meaning of a sentence and show that something
is possible, necessary, uncertain, or intended.
"For example, "I go shopping
tomorrow" shows that you intend to go tomorrow.
"I go shopping tomorrow"
shows that perhaps you will go tomorrow, but you don't know for sure.
When you use these words, remember:
* They are followed by the verb without to.
* You don't need an 's' for the third person singular: "He
to the party." (Not
"he mights come to the party".)
* You can make a question by putting the word before the person, not by
using 'do' or 'have': "
me?" (Not "do you could help me?")
* You can make a negative form by adding a form of
to the word:
"The company relocate next
"We have to wait an hour for
dinner in this restaurant."
"It get very cold here in
"We all live to be 100
years old in theory."
"She get promoted next year."
"He agree to that idea."
"You be our new neighbor."
"If you left now, you get
Offers and requests
" I open the door for you?"
"I cook dinner, if you like."
" you help me?"
" you pass me the salt,
" I open the window, please?"
"You now look at your exam
papers." (This is formal.)
"I cook, but I can't drive."
"I speak French very
well when I was at school."
Using should, must
These words help you to talk about rules, obligation and advice.
We use to give advice.
"If you want to learn English, you as much as possible."
We can also use to talk
about what we expect to happen.
"He here by now - he
left over an hour ago."
The negative of is
"You so much
chocolate - it's bad for you."
We use to talk about
"I my grandmother today
- it's her birthday."
If you want to say the opposite - that there is no obligation to do
something, use or
"You the car -
I'll do it."
rubbish out - I've already done it."
We can also use to talk
about what we think is logically certain.
"You tired after all that
If you want to say that something is logically impossible, use
"Who's that at the door? It
the postman - he's already been."
means that it is not
allowed to do something.
"You animals in the
zoo - it's not allowed."
Should have done
Look at this example dialogue:
"You know… my car was broken into yesterday."
"How terrible. What did you do?"
We use the pattern
to talk about what we think would have been the best thing to do.
However, the past event we are talking about cannot be changed. So the
pattern after is
In the example dialogue, the person didn't contact the police yesterday
(in the past), so you can't change the situation. You can only say what
action would have been the best in this situation.
When you use this construction, be careful not to say