Grammar and Tenses
Direct and Indirect Questions
Prepositions and Adjectives
How to use Gerunds
How to use gerunds
In English, the
form, for example or
, is both a noun and a
verb. You can follow it by an object, , by a verb, , or you can make it the object of a sentence,
You use the form after some
verbs such as enjoy, admit, appreciate, can't stand / help / bear, deny,
avoid, mind, understand.
For example, "I
nothing", or "she
With 'from' and 'to'
with some verbs
Prevent / stop someone from doing: "He her ."
Look forward to doing: "We from you soon."
Object to doing: "Does anyone ?"
Get used to doing: "It took him a long time to
in a city."
Prefer something to doing something else: "I prefer
" out he turned off
"I'm tired ."
"These are used
"I passed the exam
In some fixed
"As well as doing…"
"It's no good doing…"
"It's no use doing…"
Some verbs can use
either the 'to do' or the 'ing' form
With the verb form , you see or
hear the whole action. For example, "I you about the letter."
With the verb form you only
see or hear part of the action. For example, "I
a coffee in the
If you use after these verbs,
you are talking about something that happened before. "I
here as a child"
- I'm not a child any more, but I remember the times when I came here
"I ." (I
didn't study in the past and I regret it now.)
If you use the form after
these verbs, then you are referring to something in the future.
lights." (Please don't forget to do it later.)
(I'm just about to tell you some bad news.)
"I want to " (I want
to break my habit.)
"She ." (She
stopped walking so that she could sit down.)
Try + ing = try out this experiment.
something in English
every day." (You may be surprised at the results!)
Try to do = try hard to do something.
"Please quiet when you
come in." (Please make an effort.)
Changing the mood of a sentence (modals)