There are four main types of
These sentences are in two halves, with the
part in one half and the other
part where you can use words such as and .
sentences in English, often
called conditional sentences.
If + present form +
"If you ice, it
In this type of sentence, you could use instead of . It's
always true that when you heat ice it melts. This is why this type of
sentence is sometimes called a zero conditional.
If + present form, +
will, can or may
"If I late, I
"If you me, you
call me at home."
"If it any hotter, we
have a thunder storm."
In these sentences (or first conditional sentences), there is a strong
possibility that the first part (coming after if) is going to happen.
The second part says what will happen as a result.
If + past form +
would, could or might
"If I a pay rise, I
buy a new car."
"If you your job, you
travel around the world."
"If you nicer to him, he
lend you the money."
In these sentences, the first part with shows that the event is unlikely to happen. In English, we
often use this type of sentence (called a second conditional) to talk
about hypotheses, or imaginary future events.
For example, "If I was President of the United States, I would change
some laws." But I know that I'll never be the President of the USA - I'm
just saying what I would do if I was in his/her position. Note: in
American English, it is correct to use "if I
…" In British English, it's
more common to say "if I …"
If + past perfect +
would/might/could have done
"If I , I
"If we out earlier, we
to the cinema on
"If you me there was a
problem, I ."
In these sentences (or third conditional sentences), the first part of
the sentence with didn't
happen. So there is no possibility of the second part of the sentence
happening. I didn't revise, so I didn't pass my exams and there is
nothing I can do about it now. English speakers use this type of
sentence to show how things could have been different.
How to use Passives in English